You Know Styrene – A resource for consumers, employees and communities

Consumers: Source

  1. U.S. Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, “Toxicological Profile for Styrene,” pp. 5, 68-72, 89-90, Nov. 2010. See
  2. Harvard Center for Risk Analysis (HCRA), J.T. Cohen, et al., “A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Potential Health Risks Associated with Occupational and Environmental Exposure to Styrene,” Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B, v. 5, no. 1-2, pp. 1-263, January 2002.

    “European Risk Assessment Report, Styrene,” Draft for publication, June 2008, United Kingdom. See

    “Development Support Document, Styrene,” Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), 23 p., 7 Aug 2008.

    Danish Environmental Protection Agency, “Proposal for Harmonised Classification and Labelling” for styrene, p. 50 and p. 52, 2011. See
  3. U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 21, § 177.1640
  4. FDA’s “Generally Recognized as Safe” designation is administered by the U.S. Flavor and Extract Manufacturer’s Association (FEMA). Styrene’s FEMA number is 3233. The following paper reported uses as a flavoring agent in frozen desserts such as ice cream, candy and baked goods: Hall, Richard L. and Oser, Bernard L., “Recent Progress in the Consideration of Flavoring Ingredients Under the Food Additives Amendment 4. GRAS Substances,” Food Technology, v. 24, no. 5, p. 34, 1970.

  5. Lickly, T.D., et al., “Migration of styrene from polystyrene foam food contact articles,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, v. 33, pp. 475-481, 1995. The paper’s abstract may be found at
  6. “NTP-CERHR Monograph on the Potential Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Styrene,” Appendix II, p. B-7, February 2006 . See

    Khaksar, M.-R. and Ghazi-Khansari, M., “Determination of migration monomer styrene from GPPS (general purpose polystyrene) and HIPS (high impact polystyrene) cups to hot drinks,” Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods, v. 19, no. 3, pp. 256-261, 2009. See